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Child Opportunity and Health: How Neighborhood Opportunity Shapes Adult Outcomes

by Clemens Noelke; Dolores Acevedo-Garcia; Nancy McArdle; Nick Huntington; Nomi Sofer; Rebecca Huber

Dec 17, 2019

The quality of the neighborhoods where they grow up influences not only children's experiences today but also how well they do as adults. Measures of adult wellbeing include, for example, life expectancy and socioeconomic mobility.

Very low- and very high-opportunity neighborhoods vary considerably not only in the conditions and resources they offer to children but also in the health and life prospects of their residents. Life expectancy at birth is a helpful way of summarizing the health of a population. It tells us how long people can expect to live when they are born.

Across the 100 largest metropolitan areas, life expectancy at birth is higher with every level of neighborhood opportunity.

Use this tool to explore the difference in life expectancy between the five levels of neighborhood opportunity within each metro area.

Child Opportunity and Health: How Neighborhood Opportunity Shapes Adult Outcomes