Learn more about the Knowledge Center Service

The Future of Work in Africa: Implications for Secondary Education and TVET Systems

by Edward K Brown; Helen Slater

Dec 3, 2018

The objective of this background paper is to try to determine, in light of the likely disruptive evolution of technology and global trade and urbanization, what African countries should do to provide productive jobs for their large and fast-growing youth population. The focus is on secondary education, including both academic-oriented secondary schools (both lower and higher) and vocational training institutes (TVETs). This review aims to answer the following questions:- What are the jobs that are likely to be available or the jobs that African countries should target in the future?- What growth strategies should African countries adopt to pursue these job opportunities?- What changes should African countries make to the secondary level education systems to prepare graduates to successfully take advantage of the productive opportunities, including the informal sector and agriculture, in the face of an evolving landscape?The study is largely based on an extensive desk review, with two case studies including Ghana and Senegal.